It supports functional, event-driven, and imperative programming types, but when it comes to the choice of a specific JS framework to be used - the final decision depends on the ready-to-use components necessary to complete the project.
It was created by Facebook developers who looked for the best way to complete building Facebook Ads as efficiently as possible. The early prototype appeared in 2011 and in a few years, ReactJS was available to the public and leveraged by some of the biggest brands: Airbnb, Netflix, Dropbox, PayPal, and others.
With more and more businesses recognizing the impact of good UX, we expect to see them rely on React web development to build data-heavy, interactive dashboards, networking web apps, eCommerce web apps, SPAs, progressive web apps, and mobile apps.
ReactJS operates with a virtual DOM that enables simpler and faster implementation of updates. Owing to the memory reconciliation algorithm, a web page can be replicated in the virtual memory and only the updated components are re-renders, not the entire UI. All this allows for a fast and flexible application development which makes the process more efficient and cost-effective.
What developers also praise about this framework is the unidirectional data flow that lets them make changes to individual components directly. This gives greater control over the process and enhances the overall productivity.
However, since this library is lightweight in nature and only supports UI components, there are certain limitations in terms of functionality, which means third-party services need to be employed. Still, React web development remains one of the best solutions for building interactive UIs.
Technically, Node.js is not a framework nor a library but a runtime environment and, as such, it is commonly used to build server-side applications.
On the plus side, it comes with a robust tech stack that positively affects developers’ efficacy and productivity, the speed of development, and product performance. Add a wide range of free tools to the mix and you provide your team with greater flexibility to build more complex products with less effort involved. Node.js also allows you to reuse the code as the same language is used for the front and backend. The use of the same language for both sides is also helpful for real-time and event-based applications that require constant data updates.
Node.js uses an asynchronous, non-blocking, single-threaded I/O model, which is why it is so lightweight and efficient. The features allow Node.js to process requests without delays.
Node.js’ lightweight character also comes in handy for microservices architecture where each has its own logic and runs in its own process. This allows for greater flexibility and scalability, so no wonder giants like Netflix, Walmart, and GoDaddy managed to outperform competitors and dominate their respective fields by relying on Node JS development.
Node also comes packed with npm, a default package manager that contains more than 830,000 libraries in the registry. With such a range of tools at disposal (and about 10,000 being released daily), it is no wonder Node.js enjoys rapid growth in popularity in the development circles.
Developers also appreciate that Node.js uses JSON format without converting between binary models. This makes Node JS development extremely useful for building RESTful APIs for NoSQL database support.
In the end, rest assured that this runtime environment comes with a strong support system which currently includes Trello, Uber, Medium, Zendesk, and PayPal.
Unfortunately, Node.js is not capable of processing heavy computation tasks. Also, due to its asynchronous nature, a developer might be faced with multiple callbacks and queued tasks in the background. Finally, Node is not as simple to learn, especially for developers who don’t have a solid background in backend development.
With everything in mind, it is evident that Node JS development is an obvious choice for specific applications where scalability and intense I/O are required. These include forums, live chat, social networks, stock exchange servers, gaming apps, and more. It is beneficial for broadcasting and encoding audio, video, multiple-file upload, and streaming.
AngularJS is a Model-View-Controller (MCV) framework used by half a million websites in the world, among which are none other than Google and Youtube.
To use Angular, developers leverage TypeScript that relies on the same syntax but has improved OOP support and static typing.
This framework is characterized by two-way data binding that enables developers to implement any changes instantly, which makes it ideal for simple projects. It is primarily used for Single Page Application (SPA) development. For more complex products, one-way data binding is a more time-efficient way that saves resources.Vue.js
Vue.js is one of the youngest frameworks on the list, but because it is so lightweight and offers out-of-the-box solutions, its popularity surged rather quickly.
Vue features templates, components, transitions, two-way data binding, and focus on reactivity which happens after a change is made to JS objects. Its command-line interface (CLI) features presets, plugins, and instant prototyping, and as such helps speed up the development process.
It is mostly used to create creative UI and is widely praised for its fast page rendering which is possible due to its Shadow DOM.
jQuery is one of the most widely deployed and most important modern-day JS libraries used by WordPress, IBM, Facebook, and Google.
Backbone.js is a lightweight JS library used to build SPA. It helps develop structured client-side applications running in web browsers, as well as build complex functionality with less code because all server-side functions flow through an API.
What sets it apart from other frameworks is the fact that it allows developers to select on their own the tools that they believe are best for a project at hand.
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